Cooperating over Water: From a Quantitative Analysis to a Qualitative Study of the Okavango River Basin
The following research aims at understanding why states cooperate more than they fight over internationally shared natural resources. The debate on those issues has long been polarized between conflict- or cooperation-oriented contributions, respectively based on neo-Malthusian and Cornucopian scientific arguments. The puzzle of this research lies in the paradox between: the dominant pessimistic discourse, relayed by the media and public policy makers, which basically argues that those resources will lead to conflicts and even wars in the future; and the empirical reality, which supports a more optimistic outcome, with occurrences of cooperation largely overwhelming conflictive ones. Inspired by recent – and more nuanced – critical inputs on the matter, the research focuses on the case of transboundary water resources shared by three or more “riparian states” in order to answer the following research question: why do states rather cooperate over transboundary water resources?
|Cooperating over Water_Okavango River Basin ACarles Thesis Tome 1.pdf