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Lindsay J 1998. Designing legal space: Law as an enabling tool in Community-Based Management.
… This paper explores the role of state law and legal institutions in creating an enabling environment for community-based natural resource … area of human endeavor, community-based management has sometimes succeeded in ignorance of its legal environment. Some community-based management systems have operated for many years with no formal legal underpinning, and perhaps even in direct contradiction to what is written on the law books …
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Law as an enabling tool in Community Based Management.doc 88.5 KB
't Sas-Rolfes M, Emslie R, Adcock K, Knight M 2022. Legal hunting for conservation of highly threatened species: The case of African rhinos. Conservation Letters 2022 (15) e12877
Legal hunting of threatened species - and especially the recreational practice of "trophy … tool, and likely outcomes if this was stopped. As case studies, we examine the regulated legal hunting of two African rhino species in South Africa and Namibia over the last … help fund effective conservation (facilitated by appropriate local institutional arrangements). Legal hunting of African rhinos has been sustainable, with very small proportions of populations …
Di Minin E, Laitila J, Montesino-Pouzols F, Leader-Williams N, Slotow R, Goodman PS, Conway AJ, Moilanen A 2014. Identification of Policies for a Sustainable Legal Trade in Rhinoceros Horn Based on Population Projection and Socioeconomic Models. Conservation Biology 00 (0) 1-11
… simum simum ) and black ( Diceros bicornis ) rhinoceroses on average were killed illegally every year in South Africa. Since 2007 illegal killing of southern white rhinoceros for their horn has escalated to >950 individuals/year in 2013. We conducted an ecological–economic analysis to determine whether a legal trade in southern white rhinoceros horn could facilitate rhinoceros protection. …
2006. International and Regional Fisheries Agreements and Organisation in the SADC Region Legal Assessment and Review.
… The present report is based in the legal assessment and review of the international and regional agreements and organisations … to each of the five countries that was undertaken under the supervision of the Regional Legal Coordinator (RLC) by Local Resident Legal Advisers (LRLA) in Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Tanzania. The present …
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WP_49_RLC_Int_Agreem_and_Org.pdf 402.37 KB
Hinz MO, Ruppel OC 2022. Chapter 10: Legal protection of biodiversity in Namibia. Environmental Law and Policy in Namibia: Towards Making Africa the Tree of Life 43 234-245
… conservation under environmental law in Namibia. The aim of this overview about the legal protection of biodiversity in Namibia is to describe in broad terms the legal framework in which efforts to protect biodiversity have to be understood. Prior to … connected to the protection of biodiversity, some general remarks on biodiversity and the legal protection thereof are provided. Then, relevant provisions in the Constitution of Namibia …
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Legal Protection of Biodiversity in Namibia_2022.pdf 2.11 MB
Smith J-M 2018. Calls for legal horn trade.
… The Namibia Chamber of Environment has made a call for the legalisation of trade in rhino horn. Calls to legalise rhino horn trade in Namibia are growing louder in an effort to save the species from … and realising a suite of other conservation and socio-economic benefits," he wrote. … Calls for legal horn trade …
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NAM_2018-11_Calls for legal horn trade_Namibian Sun.pdf 75.18 KB
2018. LAC trains legal fraternity on wildlife crime.
… The Legal Assistance Centre (LAC) last week held a training workshop on wildlife crime for 16 representatives of the legal fraternity, police officers and park wardens from the environment ministry. … LAC trains legal fraternity on wildlife crime …
Corbett A, Jones BTB 2000. The legal aspects of governance in CBNRM in Namibia.
… The purpose of this paper is then to describe the legal framework for CBNRM in Namibia, shed light on the institutional arrangements for natural resource management and finally to assess the impact of the legal environment for governance of CBNRM in Namibia. … The legal aspects of governance in CBNRM in Namibia …
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Research Discussion Paper 41_2000.pdf 1.84 MB
Nakamhela Attorneys 2014. Legal Assessment of City of Windhoek's Boundaries Extension Status.
… is to assist the Windhoek Green Belt Landscape's affected in: a. conducting a consultative, legal assessment on the City of Windhoek boundaries' extension status; b. inform the members on … incorporate all the necessary components of the concerned facets including but not limited to: legal status of the CoW boundaries extension; Local authority rules and regulations to govern … draft constitution; CoW's environmental strategic plans; and the NAMPLACE project document. … Legal Assessment of City of Windhoek's Boundaries Extension Status …
Martin RB 2011. A legal trade in rhino horn: Hobson's choice.
… landholders with a large investment in rhino) sees greater promise in the inception of a legal trade in rhino horn, believing that this will reduce the illegal hunting challenge and, most importantly, realise the funds needed to contain that challenge. … A legal trade in rhino horn Hobson's choice …
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Hobsons Choice.pdf 1.9 MB
2022. Our investigation into pangolin trade from Uganda to China exposes serious legal loopholes.
… Our investigation into pangolin trade from Uganda to China exposes serious legal loopholes. … Our investigation into pangolin trade from Uganda to China exposes serious legal loopholes …
Hiddema U, Erasmus G 2007. Legislation and Legal Issues Surrounding the Orange River Catchment.
… the four states) and on the inter-state levels. The latter will need a suitable international legal instrument. The ORASECOM Agreement may be a starting point for cooperation on the Orange River but is not … all national legislation speak the same language on the principles involved. … Legislation and Legal Issues Surrounding the Orange River Catchment …
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Legal ORASECOM.pdf 127.85 KB
Smit E 2015. Vicious legal battles in landmark smuggling case.
… trial involving Chinese nationals, whose families are reportedly blissfully unaware of their legal troubles in Namibia. Li Xiaoliang, Li Zhibing, Pu Xuexin and Wang Hui appeared yesterday … more than N$2.3 million and a leopard skin of N$50 000 out of Namibia last year. … Vicious legal battles in landmark smuggling case …
2020. Government aims to legalise rhino consumption.
… is proposing an amendment to the Meat Safety Act which expands the list of animals that may be legally consumed by humans. The proposed amended list classifies animals for slaughter, … elephant and giraffe. It also includes undefined birds, reptiles and fish. … Government aims to legalise rhino consumption …
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SA_2020-05_Government aims to legalise rhino consumption_Getaway.pdf 369.89 KB
Wily LA 2011. Accelerate legal recognition of commons as group-owned private property to limit involuntary land loss by the poor. Policy Brief March
… This is because many governments sustain conditions by which they make themselves the legal or effective owners of rural lands which are unsettled or uncultivated. They do this on … communities, whether settled, pastoral, or huntergatherers. … Policy Brief … Accelerate legal recognition of commons as group-owned private property to limit involuntary land lo... …
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Accelerate legal recognition of commons_2011.pdf 231.98 KB
Akhtar-Schuster M, Thomas RJ, Stringer LC, Chasek P, Seely M 2011. Improving the enabling environment to combat land degradation: Institutional, financial, legal and science-policy challenges and solutions. Land Degradation and Development 22 (2) 299-312
… 2000). However, mainstreaming has faced a number of interrelated institutional, financial, legal, knowledge and policy barriers. As such, despite 15 years of existence of the UNCCD, … … Improving the enabling environment to combat land degradation Institutional, financial, legal and s... …
ARD 2007. Strengthening the land tenure and property rights in Angola land law and policy: Overview of legal framework.
… its independence in 1975, and most notably in the last decade, Angola has struggled to create a legal framework adequate to address the complex issues relating to the country's land. In 2004, … … Strengthening the land tenure and property rights in Angola land law and policy Overview of legal f... …
Zille P, Bell C 2020. Legalising rhino horn trade will be a disaster.
… A ministerial panel is reviewing policies on international trade in rhino products. Any move to legalise this trade would be a disaster - for the remaining population of wild rhinos, for South Africa's tourism and for impoverished people living near our wildlife reserves. … Legalising rhino horn trade will be a disaster …
Boudreaux KC 2010. Community Conservation in Namibia: Devolution as a tool for the legal empowerment of the poor.
… local governments), who self-organize into communal conservancies. This devolution of authority legally empowers the poor with responsibilities as well as opportunities that previously did not … the use of natural resources. … Community Conservation in Namibia Devolution as a tool for the legal empowerment of the poor …
Nakamhela U, Mendelsohn J 2010. Legal review - to strengthen the tenure for conservancies on communal land. Prepared for NACSO/WWF.
… on communal land in Namibia by John Mendelsohn was the impetus for this project for a legal opinion on the possibility of conservancies applying for Rights of Leasehold under the Communal Land Reform Act. … Legal review - to strengthen the tenure for conservancies on communal land. Prepared for …
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Conservancies Land Tenure Review 31 March 2010.pdf 213.54 KB
Robinson RJ 1989. The legal status of diurnal birds of prey in Africa. Meyburg, B.-U.; Chancellor, R. D.
… The legal status of diurnal birds of prey in Africa, in Raptors in the Modern World. … The legal status of diurnal birds of prey in Africa, in Raptors in the Modern World …
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The legal status of diurnal birds of prey in Africa.pdf 13.38 MB
Nemakonde V 2021. SANParks takes legal action over 'sensationalised' reports of dead rhino.
… post mortem team established that the rhino died of natural causes (fighting). … SANParks takes legal action over 'sensationalised' reports of dead rhino …
Ulrich J, Meurers D 2015. The Land Delivery Process in Namibia - A legal analysis of the different stages from possession to freehold title.
… faster process to obtain less formal titles. … The Land Delivery Process in Namibia - A legal analysis of the different stages from possession to f... …
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The land delivery process in Namibia.pdf 464.07 KB
1998. Chapter 5. Environmental legislation in Namibia - 5.5 Traditional legal methods of conserving biodiversity in Namibia. Biological Diversity in Namibia: A Country Study Barnard, P. 283-289
… in Namibia: A Country Study … Chapter 5. Environmental legislation in Namibia - 5.5 Traditional legal methods of conserving biodiv... …
Blackmore A 2017. Selective breeding and the intensive management of wildlife: a legal challenge for Namibian conservation. African Journal of Wildlife Research (47) 65–78
… Journal of Wildlife Research … Selective breeding and the intensive management of wildlife: a legal challenge for Namibian conservation …
Harring SL 2001. Seminar on "The Ovahimba, their Legal Rights, the Proposed Epupa Dam, the Independent Namibian State, and Law and Development in Africa".
… Seminar on "The Ovahimba, their Legal Rights, the Proposed Epupa Dam, the Independent Namibian State... …
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Seminar on the Ovahimba.PDF 11.01 MB
2020. Naturschutzunion: Population des Spitzmaulnashorns erholt sich Wilderei und illegaler Handel setzen Nashörnern in Afrika weiter zu. Aber es gibt einen Lichtblick.
… Weltnaturschutzunion (IUCN) am Donner (Diceros bicornis) vom Aussterben bedroht. Poaching and illegal trade continue to affect rhinos in Africa. But there is a ray of hope. The population of … endangered. … Naturschutzunion: Population des Spitzmaulnashorns erholt sich Wilderei und illegaler Handel setzen Nashörnern in Afrika weiter zu. Aber es gibt einen Lichtblick …
Stritter A, Louw A 2013. EMA and the EIS Regulations Legal Issues.
… EMA and the EIS Regulations Legal Issues …
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MET EAPAN Workshop_Legal issues.pdf 6.47 MB
Lor P 1975. Legal aspects of marine pollution by fish oil. Mitteilungen Ornitologische Arbeitsgruppe SWA Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft 11 (1) 1 - 7
… Mitteilungen Ornitologische Arbeitsgruppe SWA Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft … Legal aspects of marine pollution by fish oil …
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Legal aspects of marine pollution by oil fish_1975.pdf 570.85 KB
Southern African Legal Information Institute.
… Namibia and Uganda judgments, as well as Uganda subsidiary legislation. … Southern African Legal Information Institute …
Craven P, Kolberg H 2022. Legally protected plants in Namibia: Plants protected under Nature Conservation Ordinance 4 of 1975 (P) or Forest Act 12 of 2001 (F) or both these laws (B).
… in Namibia: Citizen science projects recording biodiversity and cultural heritage in Namibia. … Legally protected plants in Namibia: Plants protected under Nature Conservation Ordinance 4 of …
Cassidy L 2000. CBNRM and Legal Rights to Resources in Botswana.
… are often not accessible or understood by many of the people affected by them. … CBNRM and Legal Rights to Resources in Botswana …
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CBNRM Support Programme paper 4.pdf 160.89 KB
Groenewaldt AL 2009. The practicalities of implementing the NRMPS from a legal perspective.
… The practicalities of implementing the NRMPS from a legal perspective …
Symes WS, McGrath FL, Rao M, Carrasco LR 2018. The gravity of wildlife trade. Biological Conservation (218) 268-276
… Unsustainable trade in wildlife products both legally and illegally is a leading cause of population declines and increased extinction risk in commercially valuable species. However due to the clandestine nature of illegal trade and paucity of overarching studies of legal trade our understanding on international …
Tjivikua JB 2020. The fate of ivory stockpiles.
… rage over whether the Namibian government should maintain its existing stockpiles of collected legal and confiscated illegal ivory. Trading in valuable wildlife products is one of the most important incentives for … and elephants, to support its conservation. There are two categories of stockpiles: Those held legally and those held illegally. Legally-held stockpiles consist of raw ivory, and are mostly …
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NAM_2020_12_The Fate of Ivory Stockpiles_The Namibian.pdf 965.2 KB
Mapaure C 2009. Jurisprudential aspects of proclaiming towns in communal areas in Namibia.
… Authorities. This paper considers the jurisprudential aspects of such declarations. From a legal-philosophical and anthropological perspective, the question whether traditional … the jurisdiction over land that has been declared local authority area lies in the plurality of legal regimes and the concept of tradition versus modernity. The paper considers the power … surrounding the ownership of communal land in Namibia. The paper also explores the plurality of legal codes in Namibian land law, and argues that although modernity is an inevitable reality, …
Tensen L 2016. Under what circumstances can wildlife farming benefit species conservation?. Global Ecology and Conservation (6) 286-298
… farming can benefit species conservation only if the following criteria are met: (i) the legal products will form a substitute, and consumers show no preference for wild-caught animals; … (ii) a substantial part of the demand is met, and the demand does not increase due to the legalized market; (iii) the legal products will be more cost-efficient, in order to combat the black market prices; (iv) …
Sas-Rolfes M, Moyle B, Stiles D 2014. The complex policy issue of elephant ivory stockpile management. Pachyderm 55 62-77
… for conservationists. Opinions differ over how to deal with the upsurge and associated illegal ivory trade. Following the CITES-imposed international trade ban voted in 1989, limited legal trade has been permitted in two one-off sales. Opinions are divided on what effect this … is the question of what government agencies should do with existing stockpiles of collected legal and confiscated illegal ivory. Governments of some countries have destroyed their …
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Pachyderm ivory stockpile 2014.pdf 1.03 MB
Government of the Republic of Namibia Namibia Government Gazette.
… annotated laws as well as the post-independence regulations were prepared by the Legal Assistance Centre in Namibia. Lexis Nexis annotated the pre-independence regulations. The team also updated the legal database by annotating the laws and regulations for the period of January 2015 up to August 2016. Lexis Nexis trained Parliament legal staff to annotate laws and regulations to ensure sustainability. Parliament expresses its …
Roth M, Sukume C, Mupambireyi D, Ncube N 2003. Farm Size Protection, Informal Subdivisions: The Impact of Subdivision Policy on Land Delivery and Security of Property Rights in Zimbabwe. Session 2: Role of Private Land Markets in redistributing land to the historically disadvantaged delivering land and securing rural livelihoods: Post-Independence Land Reform and Resettlement in Zimbabwe.
… created an important process of shadow land reform and de facto land redistribution. However, legal constraints on subdivision and the high costs of subdividing and defining property rights on the ground are creating a legal limbo where the current owner is de facto subdividing property but the new claimants are … to secure land rights or financial capital to aid in development. This paper analyzes the legal and institutional constraints to subdivision and consolidation, the financial and time …
Zimmermann I, Humavindu M, Nakamhel U 2014. The ecological, social and economic implications of private game parks and private nature reserves in Namibia.
… The work is an exploration of the legal, biodiversity and economic aspects of the Private Game Reserves (PGRs) sector in Namibia. The Legal aspects looked at provisions contained within the Nature Conservation Ordinance 4 of 1975 in terms of PGRs and the implications thereof. The legal aspects also investigated the interaction of PGR and relevant government policies and …
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Private_Game_Parks_and_Private_Nature_Reserves_in_Namibia.pdf 724.19 KB
Smit E 2014. LAC gets involved in fighting poaching.
… The Legal Assistance Centre (LAC) has embarked on a community advocacy campaign focusing … are most affected by the escalation in black rhino poaching. The project coordinator of the Legal Assistance Centre, Willem Odendaal, said the Conservation Support Project stems from … Odendaal made the remarks when the Pupkewitz Foundation donated a Toyota Land Cruiser to the Legal Assistance Centre. … LAC gets involved in fighting poaching …
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NAM_2014-07_LAC gets involved in fighting poaching_Namibian Sun.pdf 91.66 KB
Sowman M, Cardoso P 2010. Small-scale fisheries and food security strategies in countries in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) region: Angola, Namibia and South Africa. Marine Policy 34 (6) 1163-1170
… in the world. The study revealed that Angola, Namibia and South Africa have very different legal and policy frameworks, show different levels of compliance with international and regional … into food security objectives. Angolan law recognises and protects small-scale fishers through legal and institutional mechanisms. In Namibia, this sector of fishers is not legally recognised, while in South Africa traditional fishers have been largely excluded from …
Boyle L 2020. Confront illegal wildlife trafficking with international criminal laws, former global trade chief says.
… future pandemics and that wildlife crime should be confronted with the same international legal force that tackles human trafficking and terrorism. John Scanlon served as … is affiliated with the United Nations Environment Programme and was established as a legally binding agreement to prevent the cross-border legal trade in wild animals and plants from threatening species survival. … Confront illegal
Legal Assistance Centre (LAC) That Dam Question: The Epupa Debate.
… of a hydropower dam on the Cunene River has engendered much discussion and debate. The Legal Assistance Centre would like to make sure that the voluminous information about this … issues, we will present a summary of the findings of the feasibility study in this series. The Legal Assistance Centre as an organisation has no view for or against the construction of a dam at any of the potential sites. Our concern is to ensure that the legal rights of all parties are fully respected. We will endeavour to simplify the Feasibility …
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That Dam Question_The Epupa Debate.pdf 132.62 KB
2017. Rhino security under spotlight.
… At a workshop held last week, the security of custodial and private rhinos, as well as legally held horns, was discussed. An audit will be conducted to ensure the safekeeping of not only rhino horns held legally in Namibia, but also that the permits held by all the rhino horn owners in the country … secretary. Moreover, rhino owners in Namibia have raised concern about the management, the legality and the safekeeping of rhino horns in the event of the death the animal. … Rhino …
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NAM_2017-09_Rhino security under spotlight_Namibian Sun.pdf 97.73 KB
Lindsey PA, Balme G, Becker M, Begg C, Bento C, Bocchino C, Dickman A, Diggle RW, Eves H, Henschel P, Lewis D, Marnewick K, Mattheus J, McNutt JW, McRobb R, Midlane N, Milanzi J, Morley R, Murphree M, Opyene V, Phadima J, Purchase G, Rentsch D, Roche C, Shaw J, van der Westhuizen H, Van Vliet N, Zisadza-Gandiwa P 2013. The bushmeat trade in African savannas: Impacts, drivers, and possible solutions. Biological Conservation 160 80-96
… The bushmeat trade, or the illegal acquisition and exchange of wild meat, has long been recognised as a severe problem in … the wildlife killed or of its financial value obtainable through tourism, trophy hunting and/or legal game meat production. The bushmeat trade appears to be becoming increasingly … trade include human encroachment of wildlife areas; poverty and food insecurity; and inadequate legal frameworks to enable communities to benefit legally from wildlife, and to create …
Ruppel OC 2022. Chapter 4: Environmental law in Namibia - an overview. Environmental Law and Policy in Namibia: Towards making Africa the Tree of Life 43 75-108
… law. It should be noted that the subsequent chapters will then provide a more in-depth legal analysis of specific topics. The root causes for environmental degradation as experienced … species. The aim of environmental protection can be achieved by different means. Traditional legal methods include the establishment of protected areas, the regulation of harvesting and … manage and safeguard its natural resources depends to quite some extent on the different legal instruments that are available and on an interdisciplinary approach to develop a …
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Environmental Law in Namibia_an Overview_2022.pdf 2.32 MB
Boudreaux K 2007. Community-Based Natural Resource Management and Poverty Alleviation in Namibia: A Case Study.
… community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), Namibians who form conservancies now have legal rights to manage wildlife and benefit from tourism. With these secure rights, and with … experience with CBNRM may provide a strong model for other countries: devolving secure legal rights to local people has gone a long way towards promoting positive outcomes both in …
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Community-Based_Natural_Resource_Management.pdf 1.39 MB

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